Saturday, May 14, 2022

A look at new Racial Disparity Numbers in Cambria County

Group

Cambria County

Pennsylvania

U.S.

Overall

75.8

78.1

77.3

White

76.1

78.4

77.6

African American

66.9

73.3

71.8

Hispanic

97.1

82.2

78.8


Two weeks ago I wrote about the new County Health Ranking (CHR) numbers for this year in Cambria County. As before, there was a big discrepancy in life expectancy between African Americans, Whites and Hispanics. The life expectancy estimate for Hispanics may be unreliable as they are a small percentage of the county population. The state life expectancy and racial U.S. life expectancy numbers are are from before the pandemic began.

As before I will go through the other CHR statistics to search for clues for this disparity:
  • The percentage of low birthweight babies was 9% for the county and 8% for the state. It was 17% for African Americans, 13% for Hispanics, and 8% for whites.
  • The overall child mortality rate was 50/100,000 which was the same as the state rate. It was 160/100,000 for African Americans and 40/100,000 for whites. The African Americans rate was down from 210/100,000 last year and 240/100,000 in 2020.
  • The overall infant mortality rate for the county was 7/1,000 live births which was 1% higher than the state rate. For African Americans it was 38/1,000 live births while for whites it was 5/1,000 live births.
  • The teen birth rate was 18/1,000 females age 15-19 for the county and 15/1,000 for the state. For African Americans it was 55/1,000, for Hispanics it was 17/1,000 and for whites it was 16/1,000.
  • The overall drug overdose mortality rate was 50/100,000 for the county while for the state it was 36/100,000. For African Americans the rate was 117/100,000 while for whites it was 47/100,000. According to overdose free PA, African Americans accounted for 9% of the deaths while they were only 3% of the county population. Whites still accounted for 89% of the overdose deaths.
  • The rate of preventable hospital stays was 5,518/100,000 for the county and for the state it was 3,966/100,000. For African Americans it was 7,326/100,000 while for whites it was 5,505/100,000.
  • The percentage of female Medicare enrollees receiving a mammogram was 45% for the county and 47% for the state. For Asian Americans it was 23%, it was 38% for African Americans, it was 57% for Hispanics, and it was 45% for whites.
  • Forty three percent of the county Medicare enrollees received a flu vaccination while for the state it was 54%. For Asian Americans it was 20%. For African Americans it was 36%. For Hispanics it was 46% and for whites it was 43%.
  • The overall child poverty rate for the county was 16% while for the state it was 14%. For Asians it was 15%, for African Americans it was 57%, for Hispanics it was 35% and for whites it was 19%.
  • The injury death rate was 133/100,000 for the county while it was 93/100,000 for the state. For African Americans it was 220/100,000 and for whites it was 131/100,000.
  • The average 3rd grade reading test level was 3.1 grade for the county which was the same as the state rate. For African Americans it was at the 2.2 grade level and at the 3.2 grade level.
  • The average math test level for 3rd graders was also at the 3.1 grade level which was also the same as the state rate. For African Americans it was at the 2.0 grade level while for whites it was at the 3.2 grade level.
  • Median household income for the county was $48,700 while for the state it was $64,900. For Asian Americans it was $100,100, for African Americans it was $28,500, for Hispanics it was $40,200, and for whites it was $48,900.
  • The homicide rate for the county was 5/100,000 while for the state it was 6/100,000. For African Americans it was 48/100,000 and for whites it was 3/100,000.
  • Eighty one percent of the county drives alone to work while for the state it was 74%. For African Americans it was 59%, for Hispanics it was 62% and for whites it was 83%.
Each year CHR provides more detailed information to explain the racial disparities in the health of the area. The next step is to take action to remedy these disparities. 

Coronavirus numbers for the cases and deaths county were not broken down by race at the county level. However, case rates are provided at the zip code level. The vast majority of African Americans in the county live in and around the city of Johnstown. Case rates are higher outside of Johnstown than in the city and its suburbs (zip codes 15901 to 15909) as can be seen in the graph below.

 

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